There are so many interesting things about terrorism, and I am going to write about the least atavistically engrossing aspects. Terrorism has that gripping life-and-death quality that brings in the ratings. There is something to report about it every day, everyone’s life is touched by it, and really who doesn’t like 24? Now I am going to get into all that stuff that isn’t talked about in this blockbuster subject.
The Problem: Our perception of terrorism
Terrorism kills and injures and even inconveniences relatively few people. The specific terrorist group doesn’t particularly matter as a threat, and neither does the specific target(unless of course that is you, which is unlikely). These things are unimportant – the statistical rise and fall in the rates terrorism barely begins to matter to an extent where you should pay attention. The causes of terrorism perhaps should be a concern, but the cause of terrorism is not the terrorists’ cause.
The Causes of Terrorism
Some of the big causes of terrorism lie in political economy (really what doesn’t?). Maybe it is just a good way of counting ambition, greed, and power. Terrorists tend to be from middle class backgrounds in countries that don’t really have a middle class. Raised with ambition, well-educated, and intelligent, in societies that do not have room for growth. My favorite description of this group is ‘wall-leaner’, they aren’t going hungry, or needing a job, just bored. Without opportunities to influence the government and power structure of their countries they can look to other methods. No matter how hard Osama bin Laden worked in Saudi Arabia – even inheriting his fathers wealth and becoming the richest man – he would still only have the influence of his voice in his home country.
History of Terror
Terrorism began with the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution of 1793-1794. It was the government sponsored killing of the aristocracy and wealthy as enemies of the people. It has obviously mutated a bit, but a good current definition is: political violence, usually against civilians, meant to inspire fear & further specific political goals. The most experienced victims of terrorism are the UK(Northern Ireland), France(Northern Africa) and Israel. The most effective terrorist group is probably the IRA, but they had to give up their quite a bit of their violent side to move into their current political standing. It is effective as long as the populace can be swayed by the fear of the terrorist.